Last updated: 10 September 2021
The risk assessments compare a vessel’s travel history with the AGM and BMSB management measures as defined by the Craft Risk Management Standard: Vessels 3 (CRMS: Vessels) and the Import Health Standard: Vehicles, Machinery and Parts 4 (IHS: VMP) in order to identify possible contamination. Starboard evaluates risk based on vessel pathways rather than freight.
The colour of the vessel on the map represents this risk of hitchhiker pest (AGM and/or BMSB) contamination, as determined by the occurrence of port visits in an AGM and/or BMSB risk country during the risk period.
|AGM||The vessel has visited an AGM risk area during the relevant risk period within the last 12 months|
|BMSB||The vessel is a cargo vessel and has visited a BMSB risk country during the risk period|
|AGM, BMSB||The vessel has visited an AGM risk area during the relevant risk period within the last 12 monthsand The vessel is a cargo vessel and has visited a BMSB risk country during the risk period|
|No risk||The vessel did not visit an AGM risk area during the relevant risk period, and has no AIS data gaps of >12 hours during that timeand The vessel is a cargo vessel and did not visit a BMSB risk country during the risk period, and has no AIS data gaps of >12 hours during that time|
|Unknown risk||The vessel did not visit an AGM risk area during the relevant risk period, but has at least one AIS data gap of >12 hours during that time, when it could have visited a risk areaand/or The vessel is a cargo vessel and did not visit a BMSB risk country during the risk period, but has at least one AIS data gap of >12 hours during that time, when it could have loaded risk goods from a risk country|
Hitchhiker pest information is updated daily at approximately 4 pm NZST.
Starboard’s AGM risk assessment that determines the risk of contamination of vessels closely follows the AGM management measures outlined in the CRMS: Vessels (2018). These measures apply to vessels arriving in New Zealand that have visited a risk area during the last 12 months, with that visit having taken place during a risk period for the area in question.
Starboard considers all vessels globally and searches their track history over the past twelve months. Any vessel that has visited at least one risk area during its respective risk period has a rating of ‘Risk’ for AGM.
Note that the ‘Risk’ classification will stay with the vessel even after a visit to a NZ port. Therefore, a vessel could be classified as at ‘Risk’ on a revisit to New Zealand, even if it had not visited an AGM risk port during its respective risk period since its last visit to New Zealand.
AGM risk areas and periods are shown in Table 1.
|Risk area||Requirements apply where visited any ports in these sub-areas||Risk period|
|Russian far east||South of 60˚N and west of 147˚E (excluding those ports on the Kamchatka Peninsula)||1 July to 30 September|
|China||North of latitude of 31.25˚N||1 June to 30 September|
|Republic of Korea||All areas||1 June to 30 September|
|Japan – northern||Prefectures of Hokkaido, Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima||1 July to 30 September|
|Japan – western||Prefectures of Akita, Yamagata, Niigata, Toyama, Ishikawa||25 June to 15 September|
|Japan – eastern||Prefectures of Fukui, Ibaraki, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Shizuoka, Aichi, Mie||20 June to 20 August|
|Japan – southern||Prefectures of Wakayama, Osaka, Kyoto, Hyogo, Tottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi, Kagawa, Tokushima, Ehime, Kochi, Fukuoka, Oita, Saga, Nagasaki, Miyazaki, Kumamoto, Kagoshima||1 June to 10 August|
|Japan – far southern||Prefecture of Okinawa||25 May to 30 June|
Starboard’s BMSB risk assessment that determines the risk of BMSB contamination of vessels closely follows the BMSB management measures outlined in the IHS: VMP.
As outlined in the standard, the BMSB risk season begins on 1 September. The measures apply to target vehicles, machinery, and parts (risk goods) exported from their country of origin on or after this date, and which will arrive in New Zealand before or on 30 April.
The BMSB management measures apply to risk goods originating from or passing through BMSB risk countries listed in Schedule 3 of the IHS: VMP. These 37 countries are shown in Table 2.
While the BMSB management measures in the IHS: VMP apply to the cargo, our assessment evaluates risk at the vessel level. As a result of Starboard taking on this macro view, some criteria used to determine BMSB risk differ between the management standard and the Starboard risk assessment. These differences are shown in Table 3.
|Criteria||IHS: VMP Schedule 3 BMSB Management||Starboard risk model||Further details|
|Goods type||Vehicles, machinery, parts, and new tyres||Any||All cargo vessels, regardless of goods on board, are included in the risk analysis. All other vessel types are set to ‘no BMSB risk’.
See IHS: VMP Schedule 3 (1).
|Goods origin||Any risk country||Any risk country with export pathways via a risk country.||For risk countries without maritime ports, the maritime export pathways are generally still via high risk neighbouring ports, so anticipated deviations are minimal. The possible exception would be goods from Slovakia or Czechia exported via Poland, which would not be flagged for BMSB risk.
Additionally, any goods originating from a risk country but transhipped via a non-risk country, and subsequently loaded onto a vessel with no BMSB risk prior to arrival in NZ, would be missed.
See IHS: VMP Schedule 3 (1a).
|Risk country||37 countries (see Table 2)||37 countries (see Table 2)||See IHS: VMP Schedule 3 (1a).|
|Export / load date||On or after 1 September||On or after 1 September||See IHS: VMP Schedule 3 (1a,b).|
|Duration of goods in transit or storage in a risk country before being loaded in that country||> 5 days||Any duration||For cargo originating outside a risk country, but loaded from a risk country after less than 5 days in storage/transit, our model will still flag the vessel for BMSB risk, as it may have loaded other goods originating directly from the risk country.
See IHS: VMP Schedule 3 (1b).
|Arrival date in NZ||From 1 September to 30 April||From 1 September to 30 April||See IHS: VMP Schedule 3 (1c).
Classifications from the Starboard risk assessment are similar, but slightly more cautious than the IHS: VMP management standard. This is a consequence of analysing vessel movements rather than cargo manifests. The following example pathways illustrate this difference.
Pathways which could result in inaccurately classifying a vessel as ‘Risk’ for BMSB in Starboard:
Pathways which could result in incorrectly classifying a vessel as ‘No risk’ for BMSB in Starboard:
Note that conditions which could exempt individual containers or freight from BMSB management measures do not exempt its host vessel from risk assessment in Starboard. For example, BMSB management does not apply if risk goods are loaded into a fully enclosed container which is sealed before 1 September and then exported before 1 October of the same year.
Furthermore, BMSB management does not apply to breakbulk transshipped through a risk country if the duration in the risk country is less than 120 hours and if the goods are segregated from sources of possible BMSB contamination. Likewise, for risk goods in a fully enclosed container if the contents remain in the unopened container while in the risk country.
In each of these examples, we do not exempt vessels from risk assessment in Starboard, as they may also have loaded other goods which do not meet these conditions at the same time.